Schedule K 3 instructions
ARTICLE | December 05, 2022
Authored by RSM US LLP
Schedule K-3 took the pass-through world by storm this past filing season. Together with Schedule K-2, the changes to Forms 1065, 1120-S and 8865 represented a significant expansion in the amount of U.S. international tax information required to be reported on partnership and S corporation tax returns. All pass-through entities with items of international tax relevance were required to file a Schedule K-3. While K-3 instructions have been provided, many professionals are still seeking clarity.
Brian Moreira, a senior manager at RSM who focuses on the financial services industry, discussed the Schedule K-3 requirement, the challenges that resulted and how technology could minimize them.
Q: What is the new Schedule K-3 requirement and why was it created?
A: The IRS introduced the Schedule K-3 to help partners and shareholders by clarifying calculations of U.S. income tax liability, as well as income and deductions related to international activity.
Before tax year 2021, foreign informational disclosures were reported to the investors on their Schedule K-1 Line 16 and footnote sections. In tax year 2021, all that information needed to be reported on the new Schedule K-3. In fact, all pass-through entities with items of international tax relevance were required to file a Schedule K-3.
In the IRS’ answers to frequently asked questions, it acknowledged that partnerships and S corporations would initially have transition costs, but the agency asserted those entities would benefit from increased transparency of information and reduced uncertainty about what to report and how to report it.
Q: Why was it so challenging to follow the Schedule K-3 instructions?
A: The new schedules required more detailed and more complete reporting than many partnerships and S corporations provided previously to partners and shareholders. This created a major compliance hurdle for various entities, including private equity and real estate funds.
Schedule K-2 and K-3 require a significant amount of information to be reported. The Schedule K-3 is about 20 pages long and does not take into consideration any overflow statements or supplemental disclosures. Schedule K-3 requires country-by-country reporting, which, as you can imagine, could be voluminous.
Q: How would you describe your experience with filing Schedule K-3?
A: It was a challenge, to say the least. The IRS released the Schedule K-3 instructions and the Schedule K-2 and K-3 FAQs in February 2022 but continued to update them through September, which left tax advisors with only a brief period to understand the reporting requirements across their various clients. We worked closely with our international tax team to understand the requirements. This helped us scope the requirements from clients to ensure we received the information that needed to be reported on the forms, such as the country of incorporation.
Q: How did those issues measure up to expectations for K-3?
A: We knew it would be a challenge, especially in the fund-of-funds space, where you may receive underlying Schedule K-3s from various tax preparers. We had to aggregate all the Schedule K-3 data in a concise manner in order to enable clients to report to their investors. This meant reconciling items between the various sections of the form and Schedule K-1 and Schedule K-3. There were occasions where we had to go back to clients to ask them questions with regards to the Schedule K-3 and in some cases request the Schedule K-3 because it was not provided.
Q: What changes next year could improve the process?
A: Like most tax compliance processes, we look for ways to improve each year. On the client side, the data-gathering process has been vetted, which will allow the team to provide more value-added services. On the advisory side, we will look for ways to streamline the data with tax applications like PartnerSight®.
Q: How can digital solutions help the K-3 compliance effort?
A: The Schedule K-3 contains over 700 data points. An application like PartnerSight can aggregate and tier the Schedule K-3 data in a structured format and generate the forms. This is a game changer because it is more efficient and minimizes the risk of human error.
Q: What insights can an organization glean from K-3 data?
A: As the tax regulatory footprint continues to evolve, our clients should be aware of these changes so that we can work closely with the administrators to ensure we have the data points we need.
Clients are being more proactive in reaching out to us to understand their requirements if they make a new investment in a foreign jurisdiction and are initiating information requests from underlying portfolio companies much earlier than usual. We saw delays in receiving underlying K-1s, ranging from two to four weeks in comparison to the prior year. It also facilitates collaboration with our international tax specialists, which deepens the insights for the investment funds we serve.
Call us at (800) 627-0636 or fill out the form below and we'll contact you to discuss your specific situation.
This article was written by Brian Moreira and originally appeared on Dec 05, 2022.
2022 RSM US LLP. All rights reserved.
The information contained herein is general in nature and based on authorities that are subject to change. RSM US LLP guarantees neither the accuracy nor completeness of any information and is not responsible for any errors or omissions, or for results obtained by others as a result of reliance upon such information. RSM US LLP assumes no obligation to inform the reader of any changes in tax laws or other factors that could affect information contained herein. This publication does not, and is not intended to, provide legal, tax or accounting advice, and readers should consult their tax advisors concerning the application of tax laws to their particular situations. This analysis is not tax advice and is not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, for purposes of avoiding tax penalties that may be imposed on any taxpayer.
RSM US Alliance provides its members with access to resources of RSM US LLP. RSM US Alliance member firms are separate and independent businesses and legal entities that are responsible for their own acts and omissions, and each is separate and independent from RSM US LLP. RSM US LLP is the U.S. member firm of RSM International, a global network of independent audit, tax, and consulting firms. Members of RSM US Alliance have access to RSM International resources through RSM US LLP but are not member firms of RSM International. Visit rsmus.com/about us for more information regarding RSM US LLP and RSM International. The RSM logo is used under license by RSM US LLP. RSM US Alliance products and services are proprietary to RSM US LLP.
Lewis, Hooper & Dick, LLC is a proud member of the RSM US Alliance, a premier affiliation of independent accounting and consulting firms in the United States. RSM US Alliance provides our firm with access to resources of RSM US LLP, the leading provider of audit, tax and consulting services focused on the middle market. RSM US LLP is a licensed CPA firm and the U.S. member of RSM International, a global network of independent audit, tax and consulting firms with more than 43,000 people in over 120 countries.
Our membership in RSM US Alliance has elevated our capabilities in the marketplace, helping to differentiate our firm from the competition while allowing us to maintain our independence and entrepreneurial culture. We have access to a valuable peer network of like-sized firms as well as a broad range of tools, expertise and technical resources.
For more information on how Lewis, Hooper & Dick, LLC can assist you, please call 1-800-627-0636.